Most Used G Codes And M Codes For CNC Machine

CNC machines are a widely used machine in modern manufacturing and machining process. Most Used G Codes And M Codes For CNC Machine play a main part in programming for CNC machines. They are like the body of a program where without these codes we can’t make the program for machining.

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Here, I have mentioned top 20 Most Used G Codes And M Codes For CNC Machine with their function and applications. These 20 codes plays most important role in programming for CNC VMC and HMC machines.

What are actually G Codes And M Codes

G codes And M codes are just like language that helps to communicate or order the machines. Here some are predetermined to communicate with the machines. I worked with CNC machines like VMC, HMC A77, A55 with the experience I have listed the top 20 Most Used G Codes And M Codes For CNC Machines with how and why they are used.

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NOTE: There are many G codes And M codes used in programming. I have mentioned only 20 most used codes. And These mostly suitable for HMC machines.

20 Most Used G Codes In CNC Machines:-

1. GOO – Rapid Traverse:-

G00 is basically allowing the spindle to move rapidly. That means faster without feed. x, y, z movement is being done through this. we can also control the rapid speed of the machine manually from the feed controller. It saves time in spindle movement where feed is not required.

2. G01 – Linear Travel (FEED)

When we provide the G01 code spindle travels in a feed that means movement speed is controlled by the operator. The feed is given while machining, drilling, tapping, etc.

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3. G02 – Circular Interpolution clockwise

We need to use G02 to run the interpolations in a circular direction. Here the tool rotates in giving dimension with a circular direction in clockwise. G03 provides to run circular interpolation in counterclockwise.

4. G20 – Input In Inches

When we add G20 in a program, it reads the value in Inches.

5. G21 – Input In MM

When G21 is provided in the program it takes the values in the mm unit.

6. G28 – Return To Reference Point

In the G28 spindle moves to the reference point in simple words, it moves to the home position of the machine zero.

7. G54 -WorkOffset 1

In G54 we keep the first work offset. when G54 is provided, it reads only the first offset.

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8. G55 – Work Offset 2

G55 work offset 2

9. G56 – Work Offset 3

In work coordinate system G56 refers to the third work offset.

10. G57 – 4th Work Offset

Similarly G57 refers to a fourth work offset.

11. G63 – Tapping mode Or Tapping Cycle.

Tapping Mode. G63

12. G74- Left Hand Tapping Cycle

There are mainly two types of Tapping cycle one is right-hand tapping and another is left-hand tapping. We use G74 to run the left-hand tapping cycle.

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13. – G76 Fine Boring Cycle.

Its used for the boring cycle. To do the fine boring we must use G76 code.

14. G81 Simple Hole Drilling.

There are many code available for drilling cycle. For simple holes we use G81 code in a CNC machine.

15. G84- Tapping Right Hand

For the tapping cycle G84 is used. Where the spindle rotation is right side.

16. G90 – Absolute Programming

There are two types of programming they are absolute and incremental, However, absolute programming defines with reference to zero. G90

17. G91 – Incremental programming

In incremental programming position is calculated or defined with reference to the previous position.G91

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18. G94 – Feed Per Minute

To give a feed in a minute, we use G94 code.

19. G95 – Feed Per Revolution

When the operator wants to add a feed with revolution, it did with the help of G95 code.

20. G98 Return to Initial Point

G98 is used to send the spindle to initial point in milling machines.

ALSO READ :- Best Useful And Essential Mobile Apps For CNC VMC And HMC Operators

20 Most Used M Codes In CNC Machines:-

1. M00 Mandatory Program Stop

By adding M00 program stops at this point in every way And optional stop is also turned off.

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2. M01 Optional Program Stop

If M01 is present in the program it stops at that point. However, it can be temporarily turned off by turning off the physical button of the optional stop from HMC machine

3. M03 Spindle On Clockwise

This code is mostly used in program compare to above all code. M03 is used to turn the spindle on in a clockwise direction.

4. M04 Spindle On Anticlockwise

M04 is the same as above code the only difference is here spindle rotates in the anticlockwise direction.

5. M05 Spindle Stop

If the spindle is rotating at some speed we can stop it by adding the above code.

6. M06 Tool change

To change the tool of the machine we just need to add the tool number like T1 and enter M6 after that, By this tool changes in number 1 tool. If only M6 is entered that result in changing the next tool present in ATC.

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7. M07 Mist Coolant On

By adding above code mist coolant will get turned on in the machine.

8. M08 Flood Coolant On

By adding above code flood coolant will get turned on in the machine.

9. M09 Coolamt Off

To turn off the program above code is added in the program so where coolant is not necessary.

10. M10 Chuck Open

To OPEN the chuck we use M10.

11. M11 Chuk Close

To close the chuck we use M11.

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12. M13 Spindle Clockwise With Coolant On

To rotate the spindle in clockwise with coolant on simultaneously we have to use M13.

13. M14 Spindle Counter Clock Wise With Coolant On

To rotate the spindle in a counter-clockwise with coolant on simultaneously we have to use M14.

14. M19 Spindle Orientation

Also to stop the spindle with orientation we need to use M19.

15. M28 Through Tool Air On

To have an air through the tool, above code needs to use.

16. M30 End Of Program

At last of the program, we also do add M30 to end and restart the program.

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17. M60 Pallet Change

However, M60 This code is another famous code in most used G codes and M codes for CNC machines. It basically changes the Bed which also known as a pallet.

18. M69 Pallet Ready

M69 Before changing the pallet it is mandatory to press the pallet ready button or we can enter the above code which also means that the pallet is ready.

19. M98 Sub Program Access

In a program there we make a subprogram to do some function to call them M98 is provided.

20. M99 Return to Main Program

After the end of the subprogram, we also add M99 so it comes back to the normal main program.

How These Codes Are Usefull

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However, There are mainly two types of Tapping cycle one is right-hand tapping and another is left-hand tapping. G74 is used to run the left-hand tapping cycle. You must know these Most Used G Codes And M Codes For CNC Machine and their working before operating the machine. Above all codes are useful in some ways.

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Final Word With Conclusion

Before operating the CNC machine its most important to know the basic code so this article Most Used G Codes And M Codes For CNC Machine aims to help with that. Hope you liked this article share with your friends who actually need to know about it. However, if you have any queries please feel free to mention in the comment section.

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